Pay Pals


CEO pay is determined by a company’s board of directors. Those directors are compensated for the time they spend shaping the company’s strategy. Here’s what the Fortune 100 executives paid each other from 2008 to 2012.

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Debora l spar

Debora L. Spar

Debora L. Spar

  • Between 2008 and 2012 she made
  • $1,000,660
  • as a director, more than 48% of all directors
  • Paid CEOs an average of
  • $13,300,866
  • in the last year of her directorship, more than 43% of all directors
  • Decreased CEO pay by an average of
  • $2,863,539
  • between 2008 and 2012, only 23% of directors decreased pay more
  • Shares of her companies decreased by
  • 6.3%
  • between 2008 and 2012, better performance than 30% of all directors

The Debora L. Spar Stock Index

From June 2011 to December 2012, if you bought shares in companies when Debora L. Spar joined the board, and sold them when she left, you would have a -6.3 percent return on your investment, compared to a 12.5 percent return from the S&P 500.

Debora L. Spar's companies

Goldman Sachs Group

June 16, 2011 to July 26, 2016

Other board members at Goldman Sachs Group during this time were Adebayo O. Ogunlesi, Claes Dahlbäck, Gary D. Cohn and 10 more.

Her Yearly Compensation
Yearly Payments to CEOs
  • Stock Performance is the difference between a director's stock index and the S&P 500.
  • A director's stock index is an unweighted index of company stock performances while they sat on the board.
  • CEO pay includes salary, bonuses, stock sales, and other payments.
  • Average CEO Pay is calculated using the last year a director sat on the board of each company.
  • Stock returns do not include dividends.
  • All directors refers to people who sat on the board of at least one Fortune 100 company between 2008 and 2012.

The Pay Pals project relies on financial research conducted by the Center for Economic Policy and Research.

Sources: Google Finance, Yahoo Finance .

By Shane Shifflett, Jay Boice, Hilary Fung and Aaron Bycoffe